Author: Rick Di Mascio
The research process is integral to delivering alpha and building successful track records, says Rick Di Mascio, Chief Executive of Inalytics
Research is the cornerstone of any investment process. It is where ideas get investigated and how the best of them get into the portfolio. This paper validates the importance of the research process by demonstrating the clear link between a successful research process and alpha generation, across both active equities and fixed income credit portfolios.
By investigating the purest form of research – opening buys – the analysis found that:
- 82% of the portfolios with positive alpha had opening buys which outperformed over the following year compared with only 42% for underperforming portfolios.
- The successful Hit Rate for outperforming portfolios was more than two and a half times that of underperforming portfolios (58% to 22%).
- The portfolios where the post-trade relative return of opening buys was greater than 5% were virtually assured of outperforming.
- Every additional 1% post-trade relative return on opening buys was associated with a 34 basis points p.a. increase in alpha.
These findings show that research is the foundation on which fund managers generate alpha and build successful track records.
This paper also highlights the importance of asset owners evaluating the research process of managers as part of their due diligence and monitoring process, and the need for asset managers to develop a clear, consistent research process if they are to generate alpha. From an industry perspective, having proprietary in-house research is becoming ever more important given the relative demise of sell side research compared with the past.
Capturing the Research Process
Research in its purest form is crystallised when a new idea gets introduced to the portfolio for the first time, which we refer to as an opening buy. By analysing each time a new name is added to the portfolio, we are able to see how consistently successful the research process has been at identifying and adding winning positions to the portfolio.
That is not to say that ongoing research doesn’t play an important role in managing existing positions, but an opening buy is the purest and cleanest measure to capture the research process.
This is because when new positions are added to the portfolio they must have been researched first. It is a tautology; they have been added to the portfolio because they have been researched.
This analysis uses the Inalytics Peer Group, a proprietary database of active equity portfolios, 370 of which had sufficient length of data available for inclusion.
The portfolios in the Peer Group represent a broad range of mandates by geography and region, as well as by market capitalisation and style tilts. These portfolios are analysed on behalf of asset owner and asset manager clients.
In order to best investigate the relationship between opening buy decisions and alpha, the portfolios were split into two groups: those with positive and those with negative alpha.
The quality of opening buy decisions is captured by two measures;
The post-trade relative return of the stock between the date of the trade and 12 months after, and the Hit Rate. The Hit Rate, in this case, is the percentage of opening buy decisions that generate a positive post-trade relative return. Clearly, if opening buy decisions on average outperform and if the percentage of decisions is higher than 50%, then it is safe to say that the research process is successful.
The table below provides the percentage of each of those groups in the Inalytics Peer Group exhibiting positive results on each of the two measures of success at opening buys.
Portfolios with Positive Alpha
Portfolios with Negative Alpha
Crucially, 82% of portfolios with positive alpha had outperforming opening buys, while only 42% of portfolios with negative alpha had outperforming opening buys. To recap, an outperforming opening buy has generated a positive relative return over the 12 months following a trade.
With regard to the Hit Rate, 58% of portfolios with positive alpha had a Hit Rate greater than 50%, meaning that 58% of portfolios got the majority of opening buy decisions correct. Whereas, only 22% of portfolios with negative alpha had an opening buys Hit Rate of above 50%.
These findings were complemented by a recently completed review of 26 fixed income credit portfolios on behalf of a client where, although the sample is small, the results remained remarkably consistent, demonstrating the importance of research irrespective of asset class or market.
The following graph illustrates the importance of the relationship between portfolio alpha and the research process as captured by opening buys.
We can see in the chart below that the stronger the post-trade relative return of opening buys, then the higher the portfolio alpha.
Chart 1: Average annualised portfolio alpha grouped by success of opening buys
The relationship is monotonic, and for those portfolios with better than 5% post-trade relative return on opening buys, positive portfolio alpha was all but assured.
Further confirmation of the relationship comes from this scatterplot, in which the average post-trade relative return of opening buys is plotted on the x-axis, and the annualised portfolio alpha in basis points on the y-axis.
Chart 2: Average annualised portfolio alpha vs. post-trade relative return of opening buys
A regression shows that every additional 1% post-trade relative return on opening buys is associated with a 34 basis points p.a. increase in alpha.
This paper provides clear evidence of the link between a successful research process and alpha generation. The findings and analysis have implications for the way asset owners conduct due diligence, and how asset managers focus their resources to generate alpha.
Rick Di Mascio, Chief Executive of Inalytics